In my senior religion seminar term paper I argued that all elements of Augustine’s ideas concerning the peccatum originale existed within the late ancient thought world. One New Testament text I turned to was Eph 2.3. In his commentary on Ephesians, John Muddiman writes that the phrase “children of wrath (τέκνα ὀργῆσ)” is the Greek equivalent to the Semitic phrase “sons of disobedience.” He says that this implies that they are “‘characterized by’ rather than literally ‘born from’ disobedience.”(1)
My question is – is φύσει a dative of cause? If so, I think Muddiman’s explanation isn’t right. Granted, there are all sorts of problems with understanding the word φύσις (fusis or ‘nature’, among other things), but I think if φύσει is a dative of cause, then I think one could argue that some sort of an ‘original sin’ is in Paul’s view.